A few small tips on driving on Interstates and freeways:
1. Don’t run in packs. Get out and away from the groups of cars and trucks bunched together. (The ideal position on the highway is one pack of cars in front of you, another pack 1/4 to 1/2 mile in back of you.)
1(a). Don’t follow other cars and trucks closely and keep in mind, even if you leave plenty of space, the cars in front, following too closely, can telegraph an emergency back to you, even if you are leaving plenty of space. If they have to stop too quickly, so will you. One of the biggest causes of crashes is cars following others without giving space, not allowing time for braking or emergency maneuvers.
2. Adjust your speed before approaching slower cars or groups of cars. Adjust well before you have to. This allows a greater margin of safety for yourself and lets the other cars/trucks in back of you know that there is likely a slowdown coming.
3. Don’t drive directly in front of big trucks. Speed up, get away, change lanes, do what you have to to leave a considerable distance between your back bumper and big trucks.
4. Watch your mirror constantly. Know at all times what is beside you and behind you.
5. If you have to slow down suddenly with trucks behind you, take evasive action such as changing lanes or slowing and then continuing at a normal pace. Never make yourself a target for a truck or car behind you if you can help it.
6. NEVER CHANGE LANES ON AN INTERSTATE OR EXPRESSWAY WITHOUT SIGNALING. (Well, never say never. The one exception would be when facing an absolute emergency and you are certain there are no cars on the lanes next to you. Survival is the first goal, helping others to avoid crashes and survive, too, is equally important.)
7. Stay alert.
8. Take emergency action as soon as you see one developing. Don’t wait.
9. Learn how to do “emergency input” into your steering, such as quick lane maneuvers without running off the highway. The quick jerk of the steering wheel is something you need to learn before the emergency and involves a small, fast turn without panic and without running off the road (as a bigger turn of the wheel would likely do). A lot of people move the wheel too far and then correct back too far, also, resulting in a crash. Learn how to make emergency shifts/turns.
10. Don’t think you are going to crash before you do so. Train your brain to take action to avoid the crash, not get ready for impact. Turning and braking are the two most important skills, but turning, not braking, can save you more often in a high speed (60 and above) situation. It is a matter of training your brain to make an instant decision. Trust your brain and your reactions. They can handle it better than conscious decision making.
11. Engage in self criticism of your own driving. If you make a mistake, think about why you did and what went into the process that led up to the mistake. Learn from mistakes and get better all the time, all of your life. An example: you see it is likely a car ahead of you is about to change lanes, but you go ahead anyway. Just after you pass, the car moves over into your lane, almost crashing. This was, technically, that driver’s mistake, but you could have avoided the near crash by changing lanes, honking your horn to warn the driver or holding back to see what he was going to do.